CHANEL NEWS

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LACE STOCKINGS AND MULES

"The mule... It's a typical Chanel shoe, open behind, but we had never done it. With a lace stocking, it's something which, in people's minds, is very Paris." Karl Lagerfeld

℗ Tricatel

SOUNDTRACK BY MICHEL GAUBERT

French musician Chassol live performance at the Paris in Rome 2015/16 Métiers d'Art show.

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© Anne Combaz

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© Anne Combaz

THE ART OF EMBROIDERY

Fine embroidery is the traditional craft of creating flat or raised motifs using a variety of materials, from cotton and sequins to cabochons, feathers, crystals, and pendants, on fabrics ranging from light, airy organza and chiffon to stiff, resistant leather and tweed.

Ornamenting a garment begins with a design which is pricked out on a paper pattern, then transferred to the fabric using a special blend (of resin and chalk).
The embroidery materials are attached one by one using a needle or crochet hook. It takes on average some 20 hours to make up a sample, which will then be presented in a frame.

One key technique is "Lunéville" embroidery, which takes its name from the French town of the same name. The technique dates from 1867, when it was invented to simplify and speed up needlework. It involves using a crochet hook to chain stitch small decorations such as tiny beads, sequins, and thread to the underside of the fabric.
The embroiderer works blind, guided solely by her experience and her dexterous fingers.

One witty innovation this year are the leather “farfalle” bows embroidered with beads, specially designed by the Maison Lesage for the Paris in Rome 2015/16 Métiers d'Art show.

Cinecittà Studios - Rome

PARIS IN ROME 201516 MÉTIERS D'ART
THE FILM

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Jeanne Moreau © Keystone France
Romy Schneider © Courtesy of Paul Ronald, Archivio Storico del Cinema, AFE
Delphine Seyrig © Keystone France
Anouk Aimée and Federico Fellini © Photo D.R

THE ACTRESSES DRESSED
BY GABRIELLE CHANEL

Gabrielle Chanel was always close to actresses. Was it because she mastered designing costumes, or because she herself had had dreams of a stage career in her youth? One of the first actresses to model Chanel’s hats in public was Gabrielle Dorziat.

Twenty years later, the couturiere was famous in the United States and beyond for her film costume designs. In 1931, the mute film star Gloria Swanson appeared in "Tonight or Never" clad in a long Chanel dress. In 1955, Marilyn Monroe captivated the world when she confessed to wearing only Chanel No. 5 in bed.
"The whole world of film making wants to wear Chanel," said the magazine "Elle" in November 1958. Many of Chanel’s clients were indeed actresses. Filmmakers including the New Wave directors asked Chanel to dress their leading ladies, among them the femmes fatales played by Jeanne Moreau in Louis Malle's "The Lovers" in 1958 and by Delphine Seyrig in "Last Year at Marienbad" in 1961.

Gabrielle Chanel also designed clothing worn on screen and in real life by Annie Girardot and Brigitte Bardot. She was friends with Anouk Aimée, spoke about literature with Jeanne Moreau, became a mentor to and admirer of Romy Schneider, instilling the art of charm in some, teaching the art of dressing to others.

Cinecittà Studios - Rome

KARL LAGERFELD’S INTERVIEW

By Rebecca Lowthorpe

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© Benoit Peverelli

BACKSTAGE OF THE SHOW

Paris in Rome 2015/16 Métiers d'Art collection

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© Courtesy of Paul Ronald, Archivio Storico del Cinema, AFE

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© Courtesy of Paul Ronald, Archivio Storico del Cinema, AFE

VISCONTI & CHANEL

In 1936, at the age of 30, Luchino Visconti arrived in Paris, an artistic, intellectual and political hub during the pre-war period.
When he met Gabrielle Chanel, he was stunned by her mixture of "feminine beauty, masculine intelligence, and outstanding energy." He invited her to Italy and introduced her to his family. Gabrielle Chanel was instrumental in getting Jean Renoir to let him watch a film shooting.
The film director did better than that: hiring Luchino as an assistant and help choose costumes for two of his major films, "The Lower Depths" and "A Day in the Country", to which Gabrielle Chanel also contributed. This experience made a deep impression on Luchino, deciding him to pursue a career in film making.

After producing such masterpieces as "La Terra Trema", "Senso", and "Rocco and His Brothers", Luchino met Gabrielle Chanel again, in 1962. He asked her to design the costumes for "Boccaccio'70", and to teach the film’s leading actress, Romy Schneider, her sense of elegance.
The camera follows Romy as she appears successively attired in a brocade clothing, a negligee, and a cream suit. She moves around gracefully, ties a belt on her dress. In front of her mirror, she adjusts her pearl necklace and hair. The transformation has taken place. Romy has metamorphosed into a "femme fatale", a mixture of charm and elegance.

Chanel and Visconti remained lifelong friends.

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© Anne Combaz & Tristan Fewings - Teatro N°5 - Cinecittà Studios - Rome

CELEBRITIES AT CINECITTÀ

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