The purity, rarity and exceptional brilliance of diamonds have made them the most precious stones in the world and the absolute symbol of eternal love. Their name comes from the Greek "adamas", meaning invincible, in reference to their extreme hardness.
Diamonds come in a variety of colours, ranging from the so-called "colourless" diamonds whose colour is classified according to an internationally recognized scale, to those rarer cases of diamonds with clearly-defined colours, such as yellow, blue, pink, champagne, black or green.
A diamond's quality depends on perfect combinations of four criteria, subject to endless variations that make each gem unique.
The black diamond is one of the most fascinating coloured diamonds. Unlike the colourless diamond or diamonds of other colours, the black diamond is opaque.
The physical particularities of the black diamond require a cut of exceptional precision, so as the better to bring out its uniformity of colour and exceptional brilliance.
Placing the black diamond alongside the white diamond emphasises the contrast and brings out the personality of this unique stone.
The word sappir , meaning "the most beautiful thing"in Hebrew, illustrates the fascination exerted by this precious stone of a thousand colours.
Like the ruby, It belongs to the corundum family of gemstones.
Unlike the latter, however, which is red, the sapphire is found in an infinite range of colours: sapphires may be pink, yellow, purple, green , orange, pink orange (Padparadscha), colourless... The colour of the sapphire is designated by its accompanying adjective. The word "sapphire" when used alone designates the blue variety of this gem.
The blue-coloured sapphire is itself found in a very wide variety of colours ranging from very light blue to midnight blue or from turquoise to purplish-blues, depending on its area of origin.
The name "emerald" comes from the Greek word “smaragdos” meaning green stone. It is the most prized of all the beryls.
In jewellery, the emerald is predominantly seen in the following shapes: “emerald cut” (a rectangle with cut-off corners), “cabochon”, “pear” or “oval”.
The very frequent presence of inclusions is not a flaw because it can guarantee the origin of the stone. Colombia is the largest producer of emeralds in the world.
The name "ruby" comes from the Latin “rubeus” meaning red. It is the only red corundum.
Over the centuries other red stones like spinels, rubellite and garnets were thought to be rubies, but today these are clearly classified.
For fifteen centuries, the most precious rubies have come from the Mogok valley in Myanmar (Burma), though only some of these possess the famous and highly sought after “pigeon-blood” colour characteristic.
Due to its alluvial nature, no primary deposits exist and this makes it extremely rare.
The ruby is a symbol of courage and strength; its colour that comes alight at night symbolises love and passion.
Belonging to the microcrystalline family of quartzs, agate is a fine stone constituting a variety of chalcedony. Its name comes from the Latin "Achates", referring to the river in Sicily that produced a plentiful supply of agate in ancient times.
Agate can adopt a multitude of colours and textures: ribboned, striped or banded, it is found in red, green, yellow, blue, purplish black, mauve, brown, white, speckled white, light brown and opaque.
By cutting the nails of the goddess Venus with the tip of an arrow while she slept, Cupid created the deep black stone known as Onyx.
Belonging to the family of microcrystalline quartz, onyx is a black variety of chalcedony whose very fine texture and unique brilliance are ideal for engraving and for all types of creative combinations.
A gem of the quartz family, amethyst owes its intense colour to the tiny quantities of iron present in this mineral. Its violet colour may take on various different shades, such as purplish violet, dark violet and lilac.
Belonging to the huge family of microcrystalline quartzes, pink quartz is a delicate powder pink in colour. Ranging in tone from transparent to opaque, its pastel colouring is perfectly brought out by the translucent varieties, which accentuate its delicacy.
This stone owes its name to a city situated at a crossing-point on the Bosphorus in ancient times. Chalcedony is characterised by its hazy translucence, its milky appearance and its subtle bluish hue. Its rounded cabochon cut brings out perfectly the delicacy of its colour.
The opal takes its name from the Sanskrit word "upala", meaning "precious stone". Opaque and milky, the pink opal is distinguished by the smoothness and delicacy of its hue. Very feminine, its colour corresponds perfectly to its rounded cabochon dimensions.
Tourmaline owes its name to the Sinhalese term "turamali", which means "stone of multiple colours". It can indeed be found in numerous colour varieties: pink, red, yellow, brown, green, blue, purple, black, colourless or multicoloured. Monochrome tourmalines are the rarest and most sought-after varieties.
A stone the colour of the ocean, as indicated by its name derived from the Latin for "sea water", aquamarine is characterised by its subtle blue-green colour. A variety of beryl that is both rare and brilliant, aquamarine is one of the most highly valued fine stones.
Rubellite is a red variety of tourmaline. It usually has a touch of purple that gives it all its intensity and strength. The ruby-coloured variety is the most sought-after.
Garnets represent a family of minerals comprising several varieties of gems covering a wide range of colours and characterised by their intensity.
Each garnet is designated by a name referring to its hue, which may range from brownish red to emerald green, with variations including dark orange, reddish brown, brick red, pinkish red with violet tendencies and even bright green.
The term garnet also designates the red to pink varieties which are compared to the intense colouration of the pomegranate.
A gem of the quartz family, citrine derives its name from "citron" (lemon), in reference to its bright yellow colour. The warm tones of this transparent stone range from light yellow to golden brown.
The peridot, also called "chrysolite" (coming from the Greek term for "stone of gold"), possesses a characteristic fire. Its colour may range from yellowish to brownish green, passing through olive green. Highly appreciated in classical antiquity, it was also the most sought-after stone during the baroque period.
Still often called cordierite in honour of the French geologist Pierre-Louis Cordier, iolite owes its name to the Greek "ion", meaning the flower "violet". This mineral can indeed take on tones of violet blue.
The pearls cultivated between the northern coast of Australia and the southern coast of China are among the finest and largest in the world.
Cultured pearls from the South Seas are characterised by exceptionally thick nacre and a unique satin lustre, the result of the favourable conditions in which they are cultivated.
Their white, silver and golden hues are subtle, rare and characteristic of their prestigious origin.
Originating in Japan, Akoya pearls have been cultivated there according to a traditional technique for nearly a century.
Formed from the smallest pearl-producing oysters in the world, cultured Japanese pearls have a smaller diameter than that of cultured South Sea pearls. Their perfectly round shape and luminous lustre bring out the delicacy of their colouring.
White or cream-coloured, Akoya cultured pearls are noted for their yellow, pink or green highlights.
Cultivated in the streams and rivers of China and taken from mussels, cultured freshwater pearls present an infinite variety of shapes, sizes and characteristics.
They can be distinguished from cultured Akoya pearls by their wide variety of colours ranging from white to pink, cream or orange, and by their unpredictable shapes.
Formed entirely of nacre, cultured freshwater pearls have a warm, delicate texture.
Known by the legendary name of "black pearls", the cultured pearls of Tahiti originate from the South Sea islands, and in particular from the lagoons of French Polynesia.
They comprise thick layers of mother-of-pearl built up around the nucleus and are characterised by a variety of shapes, diameters, levels of quality and natural tints. The thickness of this mantle allows these pearls to preserve their colour, lustre and orient.
The infinite variety of tints of the cultured pearls of Tahiti ranges from an anthracite grey that is almost deep black to silver, passing through charcoal grey, to which are added a wide variety of shades of green including peacock-feather, bronze, anise, emerald and forest green.
Both dense and soft, gold in its natural state possesses a bright yellow colour.
Used in jewellery, it is alloyed with other metals in order to reinforce its hardness. Depending on the metal with which it is alloyed, gold may take on different tones. The proportion of pure gold used in French jewellery is 75% and is designated by the value of 18 karats (18K). Yellow gold comprises 75% gold, alloyed with 12.5% silver and 12.5% copper. Enhanced by stones with warm tones, it reflects a timeless baroque spirit. White gold, also sometimes designated as grey gold, is composed of 75% gold, alloyed with silver, copper and sometimes palladium. Covered by a fine layer of rhodium, it has an exquisite white tone that combines perfectly with diamonds. Pink gold comprises 75% gold, 20% copper and 5% silver. With its exceptional delicacy this tint combines equally well with either white gold or yellow gold so as to enhance all skin tones.
With its intense silvery white colour in its natural state, platinum is a precious metal that is much appreciated in jewellery for its unique properties. Malleable and elastic, platinum is one of the densest and heaviest of metals. It exhibits excellent resistance to rusting and corrosion, which makes it well fitted to withstand the wear and tear of passing time.
Platinum is used in jewellery when alloyed with 5% of palladium. It is still considered pure at millesimal fineness 950, allowing it to preserve its natural brilliant lustre and to bring out perfectly the brilliance of diamonds.
High-tech ceramic, an emblematic material used by CHANEL in its Fine Jewellery, is a token of its exacting standards of expertise. Made of zirconium dioxide power and yttrium, high-tech ceramic has exceptional properties.
Highly resistant to scratches, non-oxidising, inert to all common chemical agents, it has a unique brilliance, obtained by a method of polishing specifically developed for jewellery pieces.